Publications

Sharing expertise

We believe that sharing our expertise is vital for achieving our vision and mission. This is why we publish reports, blog, and do public speaking as much as possible. We also believe in respecting intellectual property, so rigorous citation is core to how we present information and we expect others who use our work to do the same.

At the same time, it is essential that we respect the confidentiality and copyright requirements of our clients, and so only a sample of our work is available on this page. If there’s something you know we’ve researched or produced and it’s not here, please get in touch.

Government of Ethiopia Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG): Salt Technical Training Manual

Government of Ethiopia Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG): Salt Technical Training Manual

Levin and Sudca Development Consultants (Sudca) developed this training manual for the JSDF Project and the Government of Ethiopia’s Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG). It was financed by the World Bank administered JSDF grant for support to improve the economic, social, and environmental sustainability of artisanal miners, with a particular emphasis on empowerment of women.

Government of Ethiopia Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG): Gold Technical Training Manual

Government of Ethiopia Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG): Gold Technical Training Manual

Levin Sources and Sudca Development Consultants (Sudca) developed this Gold Technical Training Manual for the JSDF Project and the Government of Ethiopia’s Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG). It was financed by the World Bank-administered JSDF grant for support to improve the economic, social, and environmental sustainability of artisanal miners, with a particular emphasis on empowerment of women.

Government of Ethiopia Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG): Gemstones Technical Training Manual

Government of Ethiopia Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG): Gemstones Technical Training Manual

Levin Sources and Sudca Development Consultants (Sudca) developed this Gemstones Technical Training Manual for the JSDF Project and the Government of Ethiopia’s Ministry of Mines, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (MOMPNG). It was financed by the World Bank-administered JSDF grant for support to improve the economic, social, and environmental sustainability of artisanal miners, with a particular emphasis on empowerment of women.

Follow the Money: Financial Flows linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Sierra Leone

Follow the Money: Financial Flows linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Sierra Leone

Alongside the launch of '‘Follow the Money: A handbook for identifying financial flows linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining’, we are also releasing our first case study demonstrating application of the handbook’s methodology to analyse the IFFs surrounding the ASGM sector in Sierra Leone, showing its practical application and the importance of financial mapping to a meaningful understanding of ASGM.

The Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) Resilience Pathway

The Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) Resilience Pathway

Since 2015, several dialogue series intended to achieve better governance of the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector in Madagascar have been initiated by GIZ’s Program for the Support of the Management of the Environment (PAGE), with funding from the Australian Department for Foreign Affairs and Commerce, and in collaboration with the Ministry of Mines and Petrol.

Sigue el Dinero: Un manual para la identificación de los flujos financieros ilícitos (IFF) vinculados a la Minería de oro artesanal en pequeña escala

Sigue el Dinero: Un manual para la identificación de los flujos financieros ilícitos (IFF) vinculados a la Minería de oro artesanal en pequeña escala

Following international interest for its comprehensive and actionable methods, the GIFF project handbook has been translated into Spanish.El manual del Proyecto GIFF ha sido traducido al español, dado el interés internacional que han atraído sus métodos comprensibles y viables.

Follow the Money: A handbook for identifying financial flows (IFFs) linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM)

Follow the Money: A handbook for identifying financial flows (IFFs) linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM)

The GIFF project partners – Levin Sources and the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organised Crime – are proud to release the culmination of many months of discussion and research: ‘Follow the Money: A handbook for identifying financial flows linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining’.

Comparative analysis of ASM strategies in four countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America (Ghana, Tanzania, Peru and Philippines)

Comparative analysis of ASM strategies in four countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America (Ghana, Tanzania, Peru and Philippines)

ELL was commissioned to conduct this comparative analysis of ASM strategies of four countries by PROMINES, with financing provided by the World Bank.

Improving Marketing and Sales of Mongolian Jewellery: Scoping Mission Report

Improving Marketing and Sales of Mongolian Jewellery: Scoping Mission Report

In ELL’s 2015 report, “Improving Marketing and Sales of Mongolian Jewellery: Scoping Mission Report” we explore the potential for Mongolia’s gold jewellery sector to serve as an opportunity for socio-economic development.

Comparative Study of Certification and Traceability Systems in the DRC

Comparative Study of Certification and Traceability Systems in the DRC

From 2013-2015, ELL provided guidance to PROMINES, the implementing body for the World Bank’s Project to Support the Mining Sector in DRC on building a robust fabric for good governance of its minerals sector through supply chain traceability and certification.

An analysis of the commercial potential of Ethiopia’s coloured gemstone industry

An analysis of the commercial potential of Ethiopia’s coloured gemstone industry

​This scoping study of Ethiopia’s colored gemstones industry examines the following: the present state of the industry, primarily in commercial and social development terms; which features of the industry and its governance are either improving or limiting its commercial success

Due Diligence for Responsible Sourcing of Precious Stones (PS-MSWG)

Due Diligence for Responsible Sourcing of Precious Stones (PS-MSWG)

​Estelle Levin Ltd. and Sustainable and Responsible Solutions were commissioned by the Precious Stones Multi-Stakeholder Working Group (PS-MSWG) to develop a discussion paper on Due Diligence for Responsible Sourcing of Precious Stones.

The GIFF Project: International Dialogue Paris Report

The GIFF Project: International Dialogue Paris Report

On 13 May 2016, the GIFF Project held an International Dialogue on links between artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) and illicit financial flows (IFFs).

Assessing and Enhancing the Contribution of Small and Medium-scale Enterprises to Due Diligence for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains

Assessing and Enhancing the Contribution of Small and Medium-scale Enterprises to Due Diligence for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains

This study is an examination of how small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs) in the jewellery, medical technology, automotive and electronics industries in Europe, the United States of America and China are managing their “conflict minerals” reporting and/or due diligence requests and/or obligations.

Scoping Study on Possible Activities of the European Partnership for Responsible Minerals (EPRM)

Scoping Study on Possible Activities of the European Partnership for Responsible Minerals (EPRM)

​Estelle Levin Ltd. is excited to announce the publication of the “Scoping Study on Possible Activities of the European Partnership for Responsible Minerals (EPRM)”.

Minerals Supply Chain Due Diligence Audits in the Great Lakes Region

Minerals Supply Chain Due Diligence Audits in the Great Lakes Region

​The German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources commissioned ELL to produce a report for the ICGLR Audit Committee to help it determine opportunities for alignment with other systems over the short and long term and to have the foundations for developing their audit methodology and template.

Evaluation of mining revenue streams and due diligence implementation costs along mineral supply chains in Rwanda

Evaluation of mining revenue streams and due diligence implementation costs along mineral supply chains in Rwanda

ELL was commissioned by Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) to conduct an evaluation of mining revenue streams and due diligence implementation costs along mineral supply chains in Rwanda.

ASM-PACE Global Solutions Study

ASM-PACE Global Solutions Study

The aim of this report is to summarize the scope and scale of ASM in protected areas and critical ecosystems worldwide, describe its known effects, document and study attempted solutions, and offer an initial set of recommendations.

ICGLR RCM Audit Methodology

ICGLR RCM Audit Methodology

​The German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) commissioned ELL to develop the methodology for the third party exporter audit, that is a fundamental component of the Regional Certification Mechanism (RCM) of the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR).

Legal & Fiscal Regimes for Artisanal Diamond Mining

Legal & Fiscal Regimes for Artisanal Diamond Mining

​Support for Formalization of ADM in Central African Republic. This Comparative Study assesses how artisanal diamond miners can be incentivised to formalise their activities through reduced costs of licensing, royalties, taxes, and fees.

UN ITU Greening Supply Chains

UN ITU Greening Supply Chains

This report provides an overview of the many initiatives that provide the ICT sector with guidance and assurance tools on how to conduct due diligence for conflict minerals entering their supply chains.

ASM-PACE Madagascar Report

ASM-PACE Madagascar Report

​The overall objective of this ASM in Madagascar Strategic Management of Artisanal Rushes Tool and Lessons Learned Study Project is to address the growing threat of Artisanal and Small Scale Mining on, in and around Madagascar’s protected areas (PAs) and critical ecosystems, and ideally in a way that can ensure continued socioeconomic development without undermining ecological resiliency.

Scaling-up Certification in ASM

Scaling-up Certification in ASM

This paper seeks to identify existing and emerging innovations and best practice in sustainability certification that enable fair and beneficial inclusion of producers.

Dealing for Development? Diamond Marketing in Sierra Leone

Dealing for Development? Diamond Marketing in Sierra Leone

​The aim of the Diamond Development Initiative (DDI) and thus of this report is to enhance human security in artisanal diamond mining areas, contributing to making artisanal mining less conflict prone and more beneficial to the labourers, miners, and communities, and the regions and countries in which they work.

ASM-PACE Sierra Leone Report

ASM-PACE Sierra Leone Report

​This report is a case study containing a situational analysis of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) of gold and diamonds in and around the Malema and Nomo areas of Sierra Leone’s Gola Rainforest National Park (GRNP).

ASM-PACE Itombwe Nature Reserve, DRC Report

ASM-PACE Itombwe Nature Reserve, DRC Report

​ASM-PACE Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in Itombwe Nature Reserve, DRC (French).

Mineral Certification Schemes in the Great Lakes Region

Mineral Certification Schemes in the Great Lakes Region

​The report provides a comparative analysis of three efforts to improve chain of custody assurance in the African Great Lakes Region against the proposed Regional Certification Mechanism (RCM) for the RINR, proposed by Partnership Africa Canada, commissioned by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (see Blore and Smillie 2010, and Smillie and Blore 2010).

ASM-PACE Liberia Report

ASM-PACE Liberia Report

​This report details a case study of historical and contemporary artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in and around Sapo National Park (SNP), assesses the ecological, social, and economic impacts of ASM, the key motivations of diggers/miners, the responses of affected stakeholders, including the sustainability of the 2010 SNP eviction and makes recommendations for future action.

ASM-PACE Gabon Report

ASM-PACE Gabon Report

​Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Gabon is a long practiced but frequently informal activity that can play a significant role in local development.

Natural Resources and Trade Flows in the GLR - The Annexes

Natural Resources and Trade Flows in the GLR - The Annexes

​This set of Annexes was edited by Estelle Levin in her role for INICA in 2006-7 as part of DFID’s Natural Resources and Trade Flows in the Great Lakes Region. Annex VI presents a rationale and methodology for exploring Artisanal & Small-scale Mining (ASM) in DR Congo from a sustainable livelihoods perspective.

Natural Resources and Trade Flows in the GLR (Report)

Natural Resources and Trade Flows in the GLR (Report)

​This report highlights the major findings of INICA’s six month survey on natural resource exploitation and trade in the Great Lakes region.

Conformance and Compatibility Analysis: CFS, iTSCi, and the OECD DDG

Conformance and Compatibility Analysis: CFS, iTSCi, and the OECD DDG

​This report presents the findings of three different analyses: 1) A conformance analysis of ITRI’s Tin Supply Chain Initiative (iTSCi) against the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (OECD DDG)

Feasibility of Direct Marketing of Artisanal Diamonds (Liberia, the Central African Republic, the United States of America)

Feasibility of Direct Marketing of Artisanal Diamonds (Liberia, the Central African Republic, the United States of America)

The purpose of this research was to ascertain the feasibility and desirability of establishing more direct trading relations between artisanal miners in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Liberia and international buyers.

Benchmark of Social and Environmental Standards for Industrial Gold Mining

Benchmark of Social and Environmental Standards for Industrial Gold Mining

The purpose of the benchmark report was to identify an existing standard that could serve as the most effective tool for managing a wide range of environmental and social impacts at industrial precious metals mines.

Land Reclamation Workshop Reports (Sierra Leone)

Land Reclamation Workshop Reports (Sierra Leone)

​Tongo Fields is the second largest diamond-producing area in Sierra Leone. Endowed with both alluvial and kimberlite deposits, Tongo Fields became a major hub of artisanal diamond mining during and after the period of conflict from about 1999 to 2002.

Regulating Reality

Regulating Reality

​This study examines internal and external trade mechanisms in artisanally mined diamonds in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sierra Leone with the aim to determine optimal practices for regulating the trading chains and harnessing them for developmental ends.

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